22 July 2000. Hironari Noda gives permission to reveal his name as source of this document. Mr. Noda is a former officer of Japan's Public Security Investigation Agency.


[13 slides.]

Intelligence Community Overview

For

Japanese Visitors

Public Security Investigation Agency

22 June 1998
Presented by
Charlie Allen

 

 


US Intelligence Community

 

 

 

DCI
DDCI

 

 

 

National Foreign
Intelligence Board

National
Intelligence
Council

 

 

DDCI/CM

 

 

 

 

 

EXDIR/ICA

CMS
(IC Principals
and Deputies
Committee)

ADCI/Collection
(NICB)

ADCI/Analysis
& Production
(NIPE)

Senior
Acquisition
Executive

National
Reconnaissance
Office

National
Security
Agency

National
Imagery and
Mapping
Agency

Central
Intelligence
Agency

Defense
Intelligence
Agency

Department
of State
IMP

Department
of Justice
FBI

 

Department
of
Treasury

Department
of
Energy

United
States
Army

United
States
Navy

United
States
Air Force

United
States
Marine
Corps

 

 

DoD
Components

Independent
Agency

Departments with
Intelligence
Components
(other than DoD)

 

 

 


What is the Intelligence Community?
-- Not an Organization --

 

         Aggregation of US intelligence organizations

         Whose intelligence resources are managed or overseen
by the DCI in coordination with the Secretary of Defense

Most of the Intelligence Community is contained
within the Department of Defense

 


Roles and Authorities of the DCI

 

         Advisor to the President and National Security Council,
Head of the
US Intelligence Community

         Provides guidance to the Intelligence Community on future
needs and capabilities

         Establishes requirements and priorities to govern the
collection of national intelligence

         Promotes and evaluates the utility of national foreign
intelligence to consumers

         Protects intelligence sources and methods

         Develops policies for the Intelligence Community

         Manages the Central Intelligence Agency

 


Roles and Authorities of the DCI-Cont

 

The DCI shall:

 

         Develop ... the consolidated National Foreign Intelligence
Program (NFIP) budget, and present it to the President and
Congress

         ... approve all requests for reprogramming NFIP funds ...

         Monitor NFIP implementation and ... conduct audits ...

         Together with the Secretary of Defense, ensure that there is
no unnecessary overlap between the NFIP and Department
of Defense intelligence programs

         Establish appropriate staffs, committees, or other advisory
groups to assist in the execution of the Director's
responsibilities

 


Community Management Staff
DCID 3/3 (
1 June 1992)

 

         Established to assist the DCI in fulfilling his
Intelligence Community coordination and
management responsibilities

         Functions

- Intelligence Policy and Plannin

- Program Analysis, Budget Development, Evaluation,
Justitification and Monitoring

- Intelligence Requirements Management and Evaluation

 

 


Post-Cold War Intelligence Challenge

 

         To Manage effectively limited Intelligence Community resources in
dealing with:

- A global set of critical policy interests

- A diffusion of intelligence targets

- Increasing demand for greater detail

- Applied technologies - increasing target denial and deception

 

         To provide effective intelligence preparation of the battlefield and
continued information dominance

         To anticipate crises and be prepared to provide surge capabilities

 

 


PDD-35 Intelligence Priorities

 

         Strategic Warning

- Provide timely warning of threats to US national interests worldwide

 

         If US forces are deployed

- Provide the military commanders with the timely information they require
to execute their mission successfully and minimize the loss of American
lives

 

         Next, focus in order on:

- "Rogue States"/Strategic Nuclear Powers

- Transnational issues

  • Proliferation                   Nuclear Command and Control
  • Terrorism                        Narcotics
  • Regional Conflict/Negotiation
  • International Organized Crime

SECRET

 


Intelligence Community
"Tiered Strategy"

 

         Challenge is to strike appropriate balance between
Hard Targets and the rest of the world

         Community guided by system of intelligence
priorities

- PDD-35 identifed highest priorities/Hard Targets

- Tier structure expands PDD-35 to prioritize intelligence
needs for all countries and issues

- Structure includes "watch" tier for lower priority
targets

 

SECRET

 


Hard Target Process Established

 

         Before submitting plans to National Security
Advisor, DDCI established "Hard Target Process"

         Forum of Intelligence Community Principals -
heads of agencies - to review each plan

 

Intent is to establish new Community process to
improve performance on key intelligence needs
of most important consumer

 

 


Executive Boards Up and Running

 

 

Created

1st Meeting

         Iran

17 Jul 96

19 Aug 96

         China

22 Oct 96

12 Dec 96

         North Korea

1 Jan 97

12 Feb 97

         Cuba

1 Jan 97

11 Feb 97

         Russia

23 May 97

24 Jun 97

SECRET

 


Tier II or "Watch" Tier

 

 

         Assigns higher priorities to countries with
potential for major crisis in 6-12 months

- Algeria, Angola, Burundi/Rwanda, Cambodia, Congo (Kinshasa),
Haiti, and Indonesia

 

         Community drafts surge profile for each country

- Intelligence needs highlighted

- Current analytic/collection capabilities assessed

- Contingencies and constraints identified

 

         Profiles intended to assist Community managers
surge more effectively

 

SECRET

 


Global Coverage - Best Practices

 

         Challenge is to strike appropriate balance between Hard
Targets and the rest of the world

         Every agency has a process for covering lower priority
countries

         Innovative approaches are under development throughout
the Community

- Corporate knowledge system

  • On-line information and finished intelligence

- Comprehensive open source database

  • Geographic, demographic, political, military data

- Non-governmental expertise

  • Civilian/military reservists supplement Community analysts

 

 


[Add 10 slides.]

Intelligence Community Collection and
Production Structures

 

         Organized well to support Crises, Contingencies

         Not as well organized to address long-term, strategic
issues like ballistic missiles

 

 


Current Intelligence Parameters

 

         Fewer analysts, processors

         More diverse, time-sensitive targets

         Emphasis on current reporting vice strategic long-term
collection/analysis

         Information explosion (technological revolution)

 

 


Programmatic Structure of
US Intelligence

 

         The Community's functional capabilities of collection, processing,
analysis, and support are organized into three distinct program
elements

- National Foreign Intelligence Program (NFIP)

- Joint Military Intelligence Program (JMIP)

- Tactical Intelligence and Related Activities (TIARA)

 

         The DCI oversees the NFIP and the DEPSECDEF has overall
responsibility for TIARA and JMIP -- DEPSECDEF/DCI jointly
managing the Intelligence Community

 

 


Program and Budget Management
Process

 

         DCI has multiple vehicles to direct Community

- Interaction with Intelligence Community leaders

- Hard Target process

- Program review and decisions

- Direction to programs (Joint Intelligence Guidance)

 

         Guidance, issued jointly with DEPSECDEF since
1992, is opportunity to transmit DCI's vision and
strategy

- Applies to NFIP, JMIP and TIARA

- Foundation for joint program review

 

 


Overview of Joint Intelligence Guidance

 

         Guidance has been issued jointly with the Deputy
Secretary of Defense since 1992

         Principal vehicle for annual direction to US Intelligence

- Applies to all US Intelligence programs

- Lays foundation for joint program review

 

         Typically has three components

- Strategy transmits DCI's vision

- Planning guidance reviews priority information needs of 16
National Security Missions

- Programming guidance gives specific directives to programs on
US Intelligence disciplines and capabilities

 

 


Mission Based Budget Objectives

 

         Relate intelligence resources to National Security
Missions (derived from National Security Strategy
and Joint Military Strategy)

         Balance traditional focus on capabilities with an
understanding of the output of intelligence
programs

         Establish basis for considering tradeoffs across
diverse intelligence capabilities



SECRET

 


 

IPRG Issue Overview

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Major
Issue ->

Issue
Teams ->
Formed

Issue
Briefing ->
|   ^
V  |

E/DRB
Review ->

-|
 V

 

Issue
Nomination ->

^
|
IPRG Review
Co-Chairs
Decide
|
V

 

IPRG
Review
|   ^
V  |

/
DepSecDef/DCI
Staff
Presentation
\

DCI &
DepSecDef ->

IPDM

 

Minor
Issue ->

Issue Teams
Formed ->
( ? )

Issue
Paper
->

Minor
Issue ->
Book

 ^
-|

 

 

Identification

Analysis

      Reporting

 

April 22, 1998

 

 

 

 

 

5

 


Intelligence Community Challenges
FY 1999-2003

 

         Recapitalize the Community by:

- Building our next generation of overhead SIGINT and
IMINT architectures

- Improving HUMINT by integrating new technologies

 

         Enhance surge capabilities

         Transnational issues

         Hard Target process

         Regional trouble spots and Humanitarian Crises
(Global Coverage)

 

SECRET

 


Personnel Trends

 

         NFIP downsized by more than 20%, or 20,559
people, since FY 1991

         Nevertheless, personnel costs rose from $4.7
billion in FY 1991 to $5.4 billion in FY 1999

         If we had not downsized, personnel costs would
have been $1.4 billion higher in FY 1999

 

 


Intelligence and DoD Budget Trends

 

         Since FY 1990 the DoD budget in real terms has
dropped 29%

         Over the same period, the Intelligence budget has
dropped 16%

 

 


[Name card]

Charles E. Allen
Assistant Director of Central Intelligence
for Collection

Office of the Director of            
Central Intelligence
Washington, DC 20505

(703) 482-1729
FAX: (703) 482-0684
Stu-III: (703) 482-4189
Home: (703) 471-7137
Charsal@odci.gov
Callen.aol.com

 

               [Name card in Japanese; translated.]                 


US Embassy

Louis A. Fisher

[Address and telephone illegible.]

 

[Name card]


LTC GEORGE NAKAMURA
UNITED STATES ARMY RETIRED

                                       

513 HERITAGE LANE, N.W.
VIENNA, VA 22180-4113

TEL: (703) 938-2083